The below Bible study on principles from the Bible about using time wisely. These free inductive notes are intended as supplement to your own study, not a replacement. Feel free to copy, print, or share them. These notes can be helpful for individual study of the Word or for small group Bible studies. We hope your understanding of God’s Word is deeper from them.
Jesus’ Words on the Cross – Lessons to Learn
Jesus’ Words on the Cross
45 Now from the sixth hour darkness fell upon all the land until the ninth hour. 46 About the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “ELI, ELI, LAMA SABACHTHANI?” that is, “MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?” 47 And some of those who were standing there, when they heard it, began saying, “This man is calling for Elijah.” 48 Immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge, he filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink. 49 But the rest of them said, “Let us see whether Elijah will come to save Him.” 50 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. 51 And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth shook and the rocks were split. 52 The tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; 53 and coming out of the tombs after His resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many. 54 Now the centurion, and those who were with him keeping guard over Jesus, when they saw the earthquake and the things that were happening, became very frightened and said, “Truly this was the Son of God!”
27 They crucified two robbers with Him, one on His right and one on His left. 28[ And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “And He was numbered with transgressors.”] 29 Those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads, and saying, “Ha! You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, 30 save Yourself, and come down from the cross!” 31 In the same way the chief priests also, along with the scribes, were mocking Him among themselves and saying, “He saved others; He cannot save Himself. 32 “Let this Christ, the King of Israel, now come down from the cross, so that we may see and believe!” Those who were crucified with Him were also insulting Him.
33 When the sixth hour came, darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hour. 34 At the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “ELOI, ELOI, LAMA SABACHTHANI?” which is translated, “MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?” 35 When some of the bystanders heard it, they began saying, “Behold, He is calling for Elijah.” 36 Someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink, saying, “Let us see whether Elijah will come to take Him down.” 37 And Jesus uttered a loud cry, and breathed His last. 38 And the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. 39 When the centurion, who was standing right in front of Him, saw the way He breathed His last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!”
34 But Jesus was saying, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”
39 One of the criminals who were hanged there was hurling abuse at Him, saying, “Are You not the Christ? Save Yourself and us!” 40 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, “Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 “And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving what we deserve for our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 And he was saying, “Jesus, remember me when You come in Your kingdom!” 43 And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”
44 It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hour, 45 because the sun was obscured; and the veil of the temple was torn in two. 46 And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, INTO YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT.” Having said this, He breathed His last. 47 Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he began praising God, saying, “Certainly this man was innocent.” 48 And all the crowds who came together for this spectacle, when they observed what had happened, began to return, beating their breasts. 49 And all His acquaintances and the women who accompanied Him from Galilee were standing at a distance, seeing these things.
But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that hour the disciple took her into his own household.
28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, to fulfill the Scripture, said, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.
I. MERCIFUL – “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” Luke 23:34
· Contrast our bitterness, holding grudges, getting even with Jesus forgiving heart.
· John 8:11And Jesus said, “I do not condemn you, either. Go. From now on sin no more.”
· Matt 18:11[” For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost.]
· Luke 18:38-39 And he called out, saying, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 39 Those who led the way were sternly telling him to be quiet; but he kept crying out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!”
II. ALONE – “MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?” Matt 27:46, Mark 15:33
· John 10:30 “I and the Father are one.”
· John 17:21 that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me. 22 “The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one; (like husband and wife)
· Jesus had perfect fellowship with the Father from eternity past. Now for the first time, Jesus was truly alone when He bore our sins.
III. GRACIOUS – “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.” Luke 23:43
· John 1:14 And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth .
· John 6:35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; he who comes to Me will not hunger, and he who believes in Me will never thirst.
· John 14:27 “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.
· John 15:11 “These things I have spoken to you so that My joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full.
· John 15:5 “I am the vine, you are the branches; he who abides in Me and I in him, he bears much fruit, for apart from Me you can do nothing.
· Mark 10:29-31 Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms, for My sake and for the gospel’s sake, 30 but that he will receive a hundred times as much now in the present age, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms, along with persecutions ; and in the age to come, eternal life.
· John 14:3-4 “If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also. 4 “And you know the way where I am going.”
IV. SELFLESS, FAITHFUL – He said to His mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” John 19:26,27
· Jesus was always others centered. He is our highest example of serving.
· Mark 10:45 “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”
· Mark 7:37 They were utterly astonished, saying, “He has done all things well;
· Heb 2:17 Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, so that He might become a merciful andfaithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
· 2 Cor 1:20 For as many as are the promises of God, in Him they are yes; therefore also through Him is our Amen to the glory of God through us.
· Heb 3:5-6 Now Moses was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken later; 6 but Christ was faithful as a Son over His house — whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the boast of our hope firm until the end.
V. FULFILLING – “I am thirsty.” John 19:28
21 They also gave me gall for my food
And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
|The Messiah must…||Prophecy||Fulfillment by Jesus|
|Bear the reproaches and sin of others||Isaiah 53:12||Romans 15:3|
|Be a priest||Psalms 110:4||Hebrews 5:5-6, 6:20, 7:15-17|
|Enter Jerusalem on a donkey||Zechariah 9:9||Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; John 12:12-16|
|Enter the Temple with authority||Malachi 3:1||Matthew 21:12; John 2:13-2|
|Be born in Bethlehem||Micah 5:2||Matthew 2:1; Luke 2:4-7|
|Be adored by great persons||Psalms 72:10-11||Matthew 2:1-11|
|Be annointed with the Spirit of God||Isaiah 11:2, 61:1||Matthew 3:16; John 3:34; Acts 10:38|
|Be hated without cause||Isaiah 49:7;Psalms 69:4||John 15:24-25|
|Be undesired and rejected by His own people||Isaiah 53:2, 63:3;Psalms 69:8||Mark 6:3; Luke 9:58; John 1:11,|
|Be plotted against by Jews and Gentiles together||Psalms 2:1-2||Acts 4:27|
|Be betrayed by a friend||Psalms 41:9,55:12-24||Matthew 26:21-25, 47-50; John 13:18-21; Acts 1:16-18|
|Be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver||Zechariah 11:12||Matthew 26:16|
|Have his price given for a potter’s field||Zechariah 11:13||Matthew 27:7|
|Be forsaken by His disciples||Zechariah 13:7||Matthew 26:31, 56|
|Be struck on the cheek||Micah 5:1||Matthew 27:30|
|Be spat on||Isaiah 50:6||Matthew 26:67, 27:30|
|Be mocked||Psalms 22:7-8||Matthew 27:31, 39-44|
|Be beaten||Isaiah 50:6||Matthew 26:67, 27:26, 30|
|Be thirsty during His execution||Psalms 22:15||John 19:28|
|Be given vinegar to quench that thirst||Psalms 69:21||Matthew 27:34|
|Be considered a transgressor||Isaiah 53:12||Matthew 27:38|
|Be buried with the rich when dead||Isaiah 53:9||Matthew 27:57-60|
|Be sought after by Gentiles as well as Jews||Isaiah 11:10,42:1||Acts 10:45|
|Be accepted by the Gentiles||Isaiah 11:10,42:1-4, 49:1-12||Matthew 12:21; Acts 10:45;Romans 15:9-12|
VI. HUMBLY TRUSTING – “Father, INTO YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT.” Luke 23:45
We want to be self reliant, to do it our way. Not born into wealth but a “self made man” is what many consider to be one of the highest compliments. If it was ever right for anyone to take this approach it was Jesus – He was God!
This is what Satan used to tempt Jesus in 2 out of the 3 temptations.
· Matt 4:3 “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
· Matt 4:5-6 Then the devil took Him into the holy city and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, 6 and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down; for it is written, ‘HE WILL COMMAND HIS ANGELS CONCERNING YOU’; and ‘ON their HANDS THEY WILL BEAR YOU UP, SO THAT YOU WILL NOT STRIKE YOUR FOOT AGAINST A STONE.'”
· Matt 26:42 He went away again a second time and prayed, saying, “My Father, if this cannot pass away unless I drink it, Your will be done.”
· John 5:30 ” I can do nothing on My own initiative. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is just, because I do not seek My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.
VII. FINISHER – “It is finished!” John 19:30
to end, ie. complete, execute, conclude, discharge (a debt):
KJV – accomplish, make an end, expire, fill up, finish, go over, pay, perform.
1. What he said, and we may suppose him to say it with triumph and exultation, Tetelestai – It is finished, a comprehensive word, and a comfortable one.
(1.) It is finished, that is, the malice and enmity of his persecutors had now done their worst; when he had received that last indignity in the vinegar they gave him, he said, “This is the last; I am now going out of their reach, where the wicked cease from troubling.”
(2.) It is finished, that is, the counsel and commandment of his Father concerning his sufferings were now fulfilled; it was a determinate counsel, and he took care to see every iota and tittle of it exactly answered, Acts 2:23. He had said, when he entered upon his sufferings, Father, thy will be done; and now he saith with pleasure, It is done. It was his meat and drink to finish his work (John 4:34), and the meat and drink refreshed him, when they gave him gall and vinegar.
(3.) It is finished, that is, all the types and prophecies of the Old Testament, which pointed at the sufferings of the Messiah, were accomplished and answered. He speaks as if, now that they had given him the vinegar, he could not bethink himself of any word in the Old Testament that was to be fulfilled between him and his death but it had its accomplishment; such as, his being sold for thirty pieces of silver, his hands and feet being pierced, his garments divided, etc.; and now that this is done. It is finished.
(4.) It is finished, that is, the ceremonial law is abolished, and a period put to the obligation of it. The substance is now come, and all the shadows are done away. Just now the veil is rent, the wall of partition is taken down, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances, Eph 2:14-15. The Mosaic economy is dissolved, to make way for a better hope.
(5.) It is finished, that is, sin is finished, and an end made of transgression, by the bringing in of an everlasting righteousness. It seems to refer to Dan 9:24. The Lamb of God was sacrificed to take away the sin of the world, and it is done, Heb 9:26.
(6.) It is finished, that is, his sufferings were now finished, both those of his soul and those of his body. The storm is over, the worst is past; all his pains and agonies are at an end, and he is just going to paradise, entering upon the joy set before him. Let all that suffer for Christ, and with Christ, comfort themselves with this, that yet a little while and they also shall say, It is finished.
(7.) It is finished, that is, his life was now finished, he was just ready to breathe his last, and now he is no more in this world, John 17:11. This is like that of blessed Paul (2 Tim 4:7), I have finished my course, my race is run, my glass is out, mene, mene-numbered and finished. This we must all come to shortly.
(8.) It is finished, that is, the work of man’s redemption and salvation is now completed, at least the hardest part of the undertaking is over; a full satisfaction is made to the justice of God, a fatal blow given to the power of Satan, a fountain of grace opened that shall ever flow, a foundation of peace and happiness laid that shall never fail. Christ had now gone through with his work, and finished it, John 17:4. For, as for God, his work is perfect; when I begin, saith he, I will also make an end. And, as in the purchase, so in the application of the redemption, he that has begun a good work will perform it; the mystery of God shall be finished.
2. What he did: He bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. He was voluntary in dying; for he was not only the sacrifice, but the priest and the offerer; and the animus offerentis-the mind of the offerer, was all in all in the sacrifice. Christ showed his will in his sufferings, by which will we are sanctified.
(1.) He gave up the ghost. His life was not forcibly extorted from him, but freely resigned. He had said, Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit, thereby expressing the intention of this act. I give up myself as a ransom for many; and, accordingly, he did give up his spirit, paid down the price of pardon and life at his Father’s hands. Father, glorify thy name.
(2.) He bowed his head. Those that were crucified, in dying stretched up their heads to gasp for breath, and did not drop their heads till they had breathed their last; but Christ, to show himself active in dying, bowed his head first, composing himself, as it were, to fall asleep. God had laid upon him the iniquity of us all, putting it upon the head of this great sacrifice; and some think that by this bowing of his head he would intimate his sense of the weight upon him. See Ps 38:4; 40:12. The bowing of his head shows his submission to his Father’s will, and his obedience to death. He accommodated himself to his dying work, as Jacob, who gathered up his feet into the bed, and then yielded up the ghost.
FEW FINISH WELL!
VIII. Luke 24:6-7 “He is not here, but He has risen. Remember how He spoke to you while He was still in Galilee, 7 saying that the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.”
· What difference does the resurrection make in our lives?
o Matt 26:28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.
o Rom 4:25 He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification .
o Mark 15:38 And the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. Access
o John 1:12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, Relationship
o Acts 1:8 but you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth.”
o 2 Cor 5:15 and He died for all, so that they who live might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and rose again on their behalf. Purpose
o John 10:10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full. NIV
o John 17:24 “Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world. Presence
It is an awesome thing to consider God’s plan of redemption and how it was carried out in Jesus Christ! Let’s divide up by men and women. And then divide up into groups of 3-5. Let’s spend some time praising God and thanking Him for Jesus life, death, resurrection, and ongoing priesthood on our behalf.
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