These small group studies of Jude contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group.
Jude 1-8 Inductive Bible Study
Contend Earnestly for the Faith
Summary- Jude identifies himself as a bond-servant of Christ and a brother of James. He writes to those who are called, sanctified and preserved in Christ Jesus, and wishes them mercy, peace and love.
Jude wants to write about their common salvation, but felt he needed to write to urge them to fight for the faith. Unsaved, ungodly people who pretended to be saved for their own purposes had crept in and denied Christ and His grace.
History shows us how God deals with such people. In Egypt, he brought them out of slavery, and then destroyed the unbelieving. Angels who turned against Him, He bound in darkness until their eternal judgment. Sodom and Gomorrah practiced wickedness and immorality, and were used as an example of undergoing the judgment of eternal fire. These apostates all followed their lustful imaginations, defiled the flesh, rejected authority, and mocked angels.
Central Teaching- Cling to the truth, because those who turn away from it will be judged for eternity.
Key Verse(s)- 3-4
Key Words- bond-servant, brother, called, beloved, kept, mercy, peace, love, salvation, contend, faith, unnoticed, condemnation, grace, licentiousness, deny, Egypt, destroyed, angels, judgment, Sodom and Gomorrah, punishment, defile, reject, revile
Ten things this passage says-
- Jude is a bondservant of Jesus Christ and brother of James.
- He writes to those who are called, beloved and kept.
- He prays that mercy, peace and love would be multiplied to them.
- He wants to write to them about their common salvation.
- He feels it necessary to appeal to them instead to fight for the faith handed down to saints.
- Apostates who had been marked for condemnation had crept in unnoticed, turning God’s grace into immorality and denying the Lord Jesus Christ.
- The Lord saved people out of Egypt, and then destroyed those who didn’t believe.
- Angels who didn’t keep to their proper sphere, He kept in chains in darkness until the day of their eternal judgment.
- Sodom and Gomorrah practiced wicked immorality, and God used them as an example of undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.
- These apostates defile the flesh, reject authority, and revile angelic majesties.
Ten things this passage does NOT say-
- Jude brings out the close physical connection he has to Christ as His half-brother.
- Jude was written to apostates, to warn them of the judgment to come.
- God’s mercy, peace and love is skimpy, and Christians don’t have enough.
- Jude doesn’t appreciate the gift of salvation that the Lord has given us, but wants to be the voice of doom.
- The Christian life is easy, and we don’t need to struggle against error or darkness.
- Apostates are really Christians who aren’t walking with the Lord for a time.
- All of the people God saved out of Egypt were believers who practiced obedience towards God in the wilderness.
- Angels who have rejected God have a second chance and can turn back to Him.
- God let Sodom and Gomorrah’s immorality go unchecked and unpunished.
- Apostates today are different than apostates in those days. They’re more knowledgeable and make wiser choices.
What does this passage teach me about God?
He is not a respector of persons. His own half-brother was His bond-servant.
He calls, sanctifies and preserves us.
He grants us multiplied mercy, peace and love.
He delivered faith to the saints once for all.
He has no mercy on those who do not believe, but judges and destroys them.
He has a place for every created thing.
What He destroys, He destroys absolutely.
He graciously uses some as an example to warn others.
What does it mean to be a bond-servant? (V1)
Who are the called? What does it mean to be called? V1
Who are the beloved? How are we God’s beloved? V1
Who are the kept? What does it mean to be kept? V1
Why were mercy, peace and love in particular wished for these saints? V2
What does it mean for them to “be multiplied”? Why would he say that instead of “be added”?V2
What was Jude’s original intention in writing the letter? Why did he change it? V3
What subject did Jude end up writing about? V3
What does it mean to “contend earnestly for the faith”? V3
When was it handed down to the saints? V3
Who are the “certain persons” who had infiltrated the fellowship? V4
How did these people approach the fellowship? V4
What were the characteristics of these apostates in this verse? V4
What was their eternal fate? V4
What is licentiousness? V4
How can one turn God’s grace into gross immorality? V4
What is the apostates’ reaction to the Lord, Jesus Christ? V4
What is Jude’s first example of apostasy? V5
How did they show themselves to be apostates? V5
How did God judge them? V5
What is Jude’s second example of apostasy? V6
Who do you think these angels were whom Jude spoke of? V6
How did they show themselves to be apostates? V6
How did God judge them? V6
When will the “great day” be? V6
What is Jude’s third example of apostasy? V7
How did Sodom and Gomorrah show themselves to be apostates? V7
What is “strange flesh” speaking of? V7
How did God judge them? V7
What does it mean that these men “by dreaming” defile the flesh, etc.? V8
What three ways were the apostates characterized in this verse? V8
What does it mean to defile the flesh? V8
What does it mean to reject authority? V8
What does it mean to revile angelic majesties? V8
How does this passage apply to my life?
Before I can truly follow Christ, grasp hold of the truth, and fight against error, I must be His bond-servant. I must empty myself of my own desires, “rights” and pride, and submit myself fully to His will for my life.
Follow the leading of the Holy Spirit. If He urges in a different direction than I’m heading, follow His guidance.
Take doctrine seriously. Don’t think it doesn’t matter, or follow along with the crowd. Hold fast to the truth.
Live morally, and do not let the grace of God be an excuse for sin.
26 “If anyone serves Me, he must follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also; if anyone serves Me, the Father will honor him.
Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God,
22 But now having been freed from sin and enslaved to God, you derive your benefit, resulting in sanctification, and the outcome, eternal life.
18 For such men are slaves, not of our Lord Christ but of their own appetites; and by their smooth and flattering speech they deceive the hearts of the unsuspecting.
17 ” Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth.
1 Cor 6:11
11 Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.
26 so that He might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word,
1 Thess 5:23
23 Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
39 “This is the will of Him who sent Me, that of all that He has given Me I lose nothing, but raise it up on the last day.
28 and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. 29 ” My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30 ” I and the Father are one.”
15 “I do not ask You to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil one.
1 Peter 1:5
5 who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
30 and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.
1 Thess 2:12
12 so that you would walk in a manner worthy of the God who calls you into His own kingdom and glory.
2 Thess 2:13
13 But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth.
2 Tim 1:9
9 who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity,
1 Peter 1:2
2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure.
2 Peter 1:2
2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord;
7 to all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
22 But I urge you, brethren, bear with this word of exhortation, for I have written to you briefly.
1 Peter 5:12
12 Through Silvanus, our faithful brother(for so I regard him), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it!
2 Peter 1:12-15
12 Therefore, I will always be ready to remind you of these things, even though you already know them, and have been established in the truth which is present with you. 13 I consider it right, as long as I am in this earthly dwelling, to stir you up by way of reminder, 14 knowing that the laying aside of my earthly dwelling is imminent, as also our Lord Jesus Christ has made clear to me. 15 And I will also be diligent that at any time after my departure you will be able to call these things to mind.
2 Peter 3:1
This is now, beloved, the second letter I am writing to you in which I am stirring up your sincere mind by way of reminder,
17 Israel has been saved by the LORD
With an everlasting salvation;
You will not be put to shame or humiliated
To all eternity.
12 “And there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men by which we must be saved.”
1 explaining and giving evidence that the Christ had to suffer and rise again from the dead, and saying, “This Jesus whom I am proclaiming to you is the Christ.”
4 And he was reasoning in the synagogue every Sabbath and trying to persuade Jews and Greeks.
28 for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, demonstrating by the Scriptures that Jesus was the Christ.
27 Only conduct yourselves in a manner worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or remain absent, I will hear of you that you are standing firm in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;
1 Tim 1:18
18 This command I entrust to you, Timothy,my son, in accordance with the prophecies previously made concerning you, that by them you fight the good fight,
1 Tim 6:12
12 Fight the good fight of faith; take hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.
2 Tim 4:7-8
7 I have fought the good fight, I have finished the course, I have kept the faith; 8 in the future there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day; and not only to me, but also to all who have loved His appearing.
1 Cor 15:3
3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,
5 But we did not yield in subjection to them for even an hour, so that the truth of the gospel would remain with you.
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints who are at Ephesus andwho are faithful in Christ Jesus:
25 “But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went away.
24 “Since we have heard that some of our number to whom we gave no instruction have disturbed you with their words, unsettling your souls,
4 But it was because of the false brethren secretly brought in, who had sneaked in to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, in order to bring us into bondage.
14 As a result, we are no longer to be children, tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming;
2 Tim 3:6
For among them are those who enter into households and captivate weak women weighed down with sins, led on by various impulses,
2 Peter 2:1-2
But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves. 2 Many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of the truth will be maligned;
21 Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for common use? 22 What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction?
1 Peter 2:8
8 and, “A STONE OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE”; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed.
How blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked,
Nor stand in the path of sinners,
Nor sit in the seat of scoffers!
2 Peter 2:5-6
5 and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly; 6 and if He condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction by reducing them to ashes, having made them an example to those who would live ungodly lives thereafter;
2 Peter 3:7
7 But by His word the present heavens and earth are being reserved for fire, kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.
15 to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.”
What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin so that grace may increase? 2 May it never be! How shall we who died to sin still live in it?
13 For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another.
11 For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, 12 instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age,
15 See to it that no one comes short of the grace of God; that no root of bitterness springing up causes trouble, and by it many be defiled; 16 that there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal.
1 Peter 2:16
16 Act as free men, and do not use your freedom as a covering for evil, but use it as bondslaves of God.
2 Peter 2:1
But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves.
1 John 2:22
22 Who is the liar but the one who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, the one who denies the Father and the Son.
2 He only is my rock and my salvation,
My stronghold; I shall not be greatly shaken.
3 “This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.
4 “Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name?
For You alone are holy;
ForALL THE NATIONS WILL COME AND WORSHIP BEFORE YOU,
FOR YOUR RIGHTEOUS ACTS HAVE BEEN REVEALED.”
15 But I have written very boldly to you on some points so as to remind you again, because of the grace that was given me from God,
2 Peter 1:12-13
12 Therefore, I will always be ready to remind you of these things, even though you already know them, and have been established in the truth which is present with you. 13 I consider it right, as long as I am in this earthly dwelling, to stir you up by way of reminder,
1 Cor 10:1-13
For I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud and all passed through the sea; 2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 3 and all ate the same spiritual food; 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ. 5 Nevertheless, with most of them God was not well-pleased; for they were laid low in the wilderness.
6 Now these things happened as examples for us, so that we would not crave evil things as they also craved. 7 Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written, “THE PEOPLE SAT DOWN TO EAT AND DRINK, AND STOOD UP TO PLAY.” 8 Nor let us act immorally, as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in one day. 9 Nor let us try the Lord, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the serpents. 10 Nor grumble, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 11 Now these things happened to them as an example, and they were written for our instruction, upon whom the ends of the ages have come. 12 Therefore let him who thinks he stands take heed that he does not fall.
22 “Surely all the men who have seen My glory and My signs which I performed in Egypt and in the wilderness, yet have put Me to the test these ten times and have not listened to My voice, 23 shall by no means see the land which I swore to their fathers, nor shall any of those who spurned Me see it. 24 “But My servant Caleb, because he has had a different spirit and has followed Me fully, I will bring into the land which he entered, and his descendants shall take possession of it. 25 ” Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites live in the valleys; turn tomorrow and set out to the wilderness by the way of the Red Sea.”
26 The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying, 27 “How long shall I bear with this evil congregation who are grumbling against Me? I have heard the complaints of the sons of Israel, which they are making against Me. 28 “Say to them, ‘ As I live,’ says the LORD, ‘just as you have spoken in My hearing, so I will surely do to you; 29 your corpses will fall in this wilderness, even all your numbered men, according to your complete number from twenty years old and upward, who have grumbled against Me. 30’Surely you shall not come into the land in which I swore to settle you, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun. 31′ Your children, however, whom you said would become a prey — I will bring them in, and they will know the land which you have rejected. 32′ But as for you, your corpses will fall in this wilderness. 33’Your sons shall be shepherds for forty years in the wilderness, and they will suffer for your unfaithfulness, until your corpses lie in the wilderness. 34’According to the number of days which you spied out the land, forty days, for every day you shall bear your guilt a year, even forty years, and you will know My opposition. 35’ I, the LORD, have spoken, surely this I will do to all this evil congregation who are gathered together against Me. In this wilderness they shall be destroyed, and there they will die.'”
36 As for the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land and who returned and made all the congregation grumble against him by bringing out a bad report concerning the land, 37 even those men who brought out the very bad report of the land died by a plague before the LORD.
64 But among these there was not a man of those who were numbered by Moses and Aaron the priest, who numbered the sons of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. 65 For the LORD had said of them, “They shall surely die in the wilderness.” And not a man was left of them, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun.
26 Therefore He swore to them
That He would cast them down in the wilderness,
16 For who provoked Him when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses? 17 And with whom was He angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness? 18 And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who were disobedient? 19 So we see that they were not able to enter because of unbelief.
Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. 2 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard.
44 ” You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.
12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places
41 “Then He will also say to those on His left, ‘ Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels;
2 Peter 2:4
4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment;
29 And they cried out, saying, “What business do we have with each other, Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before the time?”
27 but a terrifying expectation of judgment and THE FURY OF A FIRE WHICH WILL CONSUME THE ADVERSARIES.
10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
13 Now the men of Sodom were wicked exceedingly and sinners against the LORD.
20 And the LORD said, “The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave
24 Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven, 25 and He overthrew those cities, and all the valley, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground. 26 But his wife, from behind him, looked back, and she became a pillar of salt.
23’All its land is brimstone and salt, a burning waste, unsown and unproductive, and no grass grows in it, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in His anger and in His wrath.’
9 Unless the LORD of hosts
Had left us a few survivors,
We would be like Sodom,
We would be like Gomorrah.
19 And Babylon, the beauty of kingdoms, the glory of the Chaldeans’ pride,
Will be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
40 “As when God overthrew Sodom
And Gomorrah with its neighbors,” declares the LORD,
“No man will live there,
Nor will any son of man reside in it.
49 “Behold, this was the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had arrogance, abundant food and careless ease, but she did not help the poor and needy. 50 “Thus they were haughty and committed abominations before Me. Therefore I removed them when I saw it.
11 “I overthrew you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah,
And you were like a firebrand snatched from a blaze;
Yet you have not returned to Me,” declares the LORD.
29 but on the day that Lot went out from Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all.
5 and they called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us that we may have relations with them.”
26 For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural, 27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error.
1 Cor 6:9
9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals,
24 “Nevertheless I say to you that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for you.”
2 Peter 2:6
6 and if He condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction by reducing them to ashes, having made them an example to those who would live ungodly lives thereafter;
14 Sinners in Zion are terrified;
Trembling has seized the godless.
“Who among us can live with the consuming fire?
Who among us can live with continual burning?”
41 “Then He will also say to those on His left, ‘Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels;
43 ” If your hand causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life crippled, than, having your two hands, to go into hell, into the unquenchable fire, 44[ where THEIR WORM DOES NOT DIE, AND THE FIRE IS NOT QUENCHED.] 45 “If your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life lame, than, having your two feet, to be cast into hell, 46[ where THEIR WORM DOES NOT DIE, AND THE FIRE IS NOT QUENCHED.] 47 ” If your eye causes you to stumble, throw it out; it is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye, than, having two eyes, to be cast into hell, 48 where THEIR WORM DOES NOT DIE, AND THE FIRE IS NOT QUENCHED.
49 “For everyone will be salted with fire.
25 “Thus says the LORD, ‘If My covenant for day and night stand not, and the fixed patterns of heaven and earth I have not established, 26 then I would reject the descendants of Jacob and David My servant, not taking from his descendants rulers over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. But I will restore their fortunes and will have mercy on them.'”
1 Cor 3:17
17 If any man destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him, for the temple of God is holy, and that is what you are.
1 Tim 1:10
10 and immoral men and homosexuals and kidnappers and liars and perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound teaching,
2 Peter 2:10-12
10 and especially those who indulge the flesh in its corrupt desires and despise authority.
Daring, self-willed, they do not tremble when they revile angelic majesties, 11 whereas angels who are greater in might and power do not bring a reviling judgment against them before the Lord. 12 But these, like unreasoning animals, born as creatures of instinct to be captured and killed, reviling where they have no knowledge, will in the destruction of those creatures also be destroyed,
5 “For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
12 Then Moses sent a summons to Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab; but they said, “We will not come up. 13 “Is it not enough that you have brought us up out of a land flowing with milk and honey to have us die in the wilderness, but you would also lord it over us?
1 Sam 10:27
27 But certain worthless men said, “How can this one deliver us?” And they despised him and did not bring him any present. But he kept silent.
3 May the LORD cut off all flattering lips,
The tongue that speaks great things;
4 Who have said, “With our tongue we will prevail;
Our lips are our own; who is lord over us?”
14 “But his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him, saying, ‘We do not want this man to reign over us.’
39 “Our fathers were unwilling to be obedient to him, but repudiated him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt,
1 Thess 4:8
8 So, he who rejects this is not rejecting man but the God who gives His Holy Spirit to you.
17 Obey your leaders and submit to them, for they keep watch over your souls as those who will give an account. Let them do this with joy and not with grief, for this would be unprofitable for you.
28 “You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people.
11 There is a kind of man who curses his father
And does not bless his mother.
17 The eye that mocks a father
And scorns a mother,
The ravens of the valley will pick it out,
And the young eagles will eat it.
1 Peter 2:17
17 Honor all people, love the brotherhood, fear God, honor the king.
9 But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, ” The Lord rebuke you!” 10 But these men revile the things which they do not understand; and the things which they know by instinct, like unreasoning animals, by these things they are destroyed.
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