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This Bible study on Psalm 119 contains outlines, extensive cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, lessons to learn, and applications.  Visit our inductive Bible studies for more studies on this and other books of the Bible.

Psalm 119: Inductive Bible Study

Psalm 119:65-72

He is Good, and Does Good

Summary- God’s word is central to His character. He deals with us on that basis. We learn discernment and knowledge through Him. He uses it to draw us closer to Himself through affliction. His actions are a direct outpouring of His character. His word keeps us safe from the lies and attacks of our enemies. It is more valuable to me than all material gain.

Central Teaching- His word reflects His character. He never does anything contrary to it, and it is always for our best.

Key Words- good, affliction, teach, learn

Key Verse- 68

Ten things this passage says-

  1. God deals with His servants according to His word.
  2. He teaches us good discernment and knowledge when we believe in His word.
  3. I used to go astray.
  4. Affliction helps me to keep God’s word.
  5. God is good, and does good.
  6. My heart should focus on God’s word when the arrogant forge lies against me.
  7. The arrogant are not teachable, but I should be.
  8. Affliction is good for me.
  9. Affliction teaches me God’s statutes.
  10. God’s law should be more valuable to me than thousands of gold and silver pieces.

Ten things this passage does NOT say-

  1. God is deceitful—saying one thing and doing another.
  2. I can have good discernment and knowledge if I don’t believe in God’s word.
  3. I can learn good discernment and knowledge on my own.
  4. I always walked according to God’s way.
  5. God is bad, and His plans for me are harmful.
  6. When the arrogant lie against me, it should devastate me.
  7. God’s word really is not helpful to me in the face of attacks by the enemy.
  8. I do not need to be open and teachable before the Lord.
  9. Affliction is bad for me, and serves no useful purpose.
  10. Wealth is the answer to my problems.

What does this passage teach me about God?

He deals graciously with us, according to His character.

His character is exactly as His word displays it.

He teaches me good discernment and knowledge.

He uses affliction to grow my character.

He is good and does good.

His word supersedes the lies of the arrogant.

He desires that His children be teachable.

His law is better than thousands of gold and silver pieces.


How has the Lord treated us? V65

What are some ways that His word says He treats us? V65

As His servants, how should we respond to this kind of treatment? V65

How does He teach me good discernment and knowledge? V66

What are some examples of using good discernment? V66

Why do you think good discernment and knowledge are paired here? V66

What is the backbone for having good discernment? V66

What is our natural state of behavior? V67

How should our behavior be changed by affliction? V67

How does affliction help us keep to His word? V67

How do we know that He is good? V68

What has He done that is good in your life? V68

How could this promise affect the way we view circumstances in our lives? V68

What is one danger of Christian life, according to this verse? V69

What kind of lies might arrogant people tell against us? V69

Why do you think it specifies that “arrogant” people are the ones who tell the lies? V69

What should our response be to this kind of persecution? V69

What does it mean “their heart is covered with fat”? V70

How should our response to God’s word be different than these people’s? V70

What are some signs that we are properly delighting in God’s law? V70

What should our attitude be towards affliction? V71

Why is it good for us to be afflicted? V71

How can we learn His statutes through affliction? V71

What should our attitude towards God’s law be, according to this verse? V72

What are some practical ways we can tell whether or not our attitude towards God’s law is correct? V72

Cross References-

Psalm 119:65-

1 Chron 29:14

14 “But who am I and who are my people that we should be able to offer as generously as this? For all things come from You, and from Your hand we have given You.

Ps 13:6

6 I will sing to the LORD,

Because He has dealt bountifully with me.

Ps 16:5-6

5 The LORD is the portion of my inheritance and my cup;

You support my lot.

6 The lines have fallen to me in pleasant places;

Indeed, my heritage is beautiful to me.

Ps 23:5

5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies;

You have anointed my head with oil;

My cup overflows.

Ps 116:7

7 Return to your rest, O my soul,

For the LORD has dealt bountifully with you.

Psalm 119:66-

1 Kings 3:9

9 “So give Your servant an understanding heart to judge Your people to discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours?”

1 Kings 3:28

28 When all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had handed down, they feared the king, for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him to administer justice.

Ps 72:1-2

Give the king Your judgments, O God,

And Your righteousness to the king’s son.

2 May he judge Your people with righteousness

And Your afflicted with justice.

Ps 119:34

34 Give me understanding, that I may observe Your law

And keep it with all my heart.

Prov 2:1-9

My son, if you will receive my words

And treasure my commandments within you,

2 Make your ear attentive to wisdom,

Incline your heart to understanding;

3 For if you cry for discernment,

Lift your voice for understanding;

4 If you seek her as silver

And search for her as for hidden treasures;

5 Then you will discern the fear of the LORD

And discover the knowledge of God.

6 For the LORD gives wisdom;

From His mouth come knowledge and understanding.

7 He stores up sound wisdom for the upright;

He is a shield to those who walk in integrity,

8 Guarding the paths of justice,

And He preserves the way of His godly ones.

9 Then you will discern righteousness and justice

And equity and every good course.

Prov 8:20

20 “I walk in the way of righteousness,

In the midst of the paths of justice,

Isa 11:2-4

2 The Spirit of the LORD will rest on Him,

The spirit of wisdom and understanding,

The spirit of counsel and strength,

The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.

3 And He will delight in the fear of the LORD,

And He will not judge by what His eyes see,

Nor make a decision by what His ears hear;

4 But with righteousness He will judge the poor,

And decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth;

And He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth,

And with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked.

Matt 13:11

11 Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted.

Phil 1:9

9 And this I pray, that your love may abound still more and more in real knowledge and all discernment,

James 3:13-18

13 Who among you is wise and understanding? Let him show by his good behavior his deeds in the gentleness of wisdom. 14 But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and so lie against the truth. 15 This wisdom is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, natural, demonic. 16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there is disorder and every evil thing. 17 But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy. 18 And the seed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.

Ps 119:128

128 Therefore I esteem right all Your precepts concerning everything,

I hate every false way.

Ps 119:160

160 The sum of Your word is truth,

And every one of Your righteous ordinances is everlasting.

Ps 25:5

5 Lead me in Your truth and teach me,

For You are the God of my salvation;

For You I wait all the day.

Ps 25:9

9 He leads the humble in justice,

And He teaches the humble His way.

Psalm 119:67-

Deut 32:15

15 “But Jeshurun grew fat and kicked —

You are grown fat, thick, and sleek —

Then he forsook God who made him,

And scorned the Rock of his salvation.

2 Sam 10:19

19 When all the kings, servants of Hadadezer, saw that they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them. So the Arameans feared to help the sons of Ammon anymore.

Ps 119:176

176 I have gone astray like a lost sheep; seek Your servant,

For I do not forget Your commandments.

Prov 1:32

32 “For the waywardness of the naive will kill them,

And the complacency of fools will destroy them.

Jer 22:21

21 “I spoke to you in your prosperity;

But you said, “I will not listen!’

This has been your practice from your youth,

That you have not obeyed My voice.

Ps 119:75

75 I know, O LORD, that Your judgments are righteous,

And that in faithfulness You have afflicted me.

Jer 31:18-19

18 “I have surely heard Ephraim grieving,

‘You have chastised me, and I was chastised,

Like an untrained calf;

Bring me back that I may be restored,

For You are the LORD my God.

19’For after I turned back, I repented;

And after I was instructed, I smote on my thigh;

I was ashamed and also humiliated

Because I bore the reproach of my youth.’

Hos 2:6-7

6 “Therefore, behold, I will hedge up her way with thorns,

And I will build a wall against her so that she cannot find her paths.

7 “She will pursue her lovers, but she will not overtake them;

And she will seek them, but will not find them.

Then she will say, “I will go back to my first husband,

For it was better for me then than now!’

Hos 5:15

15 I will go away and return to My place

Until they acknowledge their guilt and seek My face;

In their affliction they will earnestly seek Me.

Hos 6:1

“Come, let us return to the LORD.

For He has torn us, but He will heal us;

He has wounded us, but He will bandage us.

Heb 12:10-11

10 For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but He disciplines us for our good, so that we may share His holiness. 11 All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.

Rev 3:10

10 “Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.

Job 33:19

19 “Man is also chastened with pain on his bed,

And with unceasing complaint in his bones;

Ps 94:12

12 Blessed is the man whom You chasten, O LORD,

And whom You teach out of Your law;

Eccl 7:3

3 Sorrow is better than laughter,

For when a face is sad a heart may be happy.

2 Cor 4:17

17 For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison,

James 1:12

12 Blessed is a man who perseveres under trial; for once he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.

James 4:9

9 Be miserable and mourn and weep; let your laughter be turned into mourning and your joy to gloom.

Psalm 119:68-

Ex 33:18-19

18 Then Moses said, “I pray You, show me Your glory!”

19 And He said, “I Myself will make all My goodness pass before you, and will proclaim the name of the LORD before you; and I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show compassion on whom I will show compassion.”

Ex 34:6-7

6 Then the LORD passed by in front of him and proclaimed, “The LORD, the LORD God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth; 7 who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.”

Ps 86:5

5 For You, Lord, are good, and ready to forgive,

And abundant in lovingkindness to all who call upon You.

Ps 106:1

Praise the LORD!

Oh give thanks to the LORD, for He is good;

For His lovingkindness is everlasting.<