1 Peter | 1:1-9 | 1:10-12 | 1:13-25 | 2:1-12 | 2:13-25 | 3:1-7 | 3:8-22 | 4:1-11 | 4:12-19 | 5:1-5 | 5:6-13 | PDF |


These small group studies of 1 Peter 2 contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications.  Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group.

1 Peter 2 Bible Study And Discussion Questions – Jesus Is The Cornerstone

Outline

I. Be Hungry for the Word because God is good (1-3)
II. Jesus is the rejected cornerstone chosen by God (4-8)
III. Believers are God’s chosen people (9-10)
IV. Live a new life for God’s glory (11-12)

I. Be Hungry for the Word because God is good (1-3)

Discussion Questions

• What is the “therefore” there for?
• Based on the previous verses, what is the motivation for putting aside these evil things such as malice and slander?
• What motivates people to practice deceit and envy and slander?
• Why should we be different now?
• How much should we desire the word? Why do you think Peter uses the comparison of a baby desiring milk? What can God’s Word do for us?
• Do you desire the spiritual food of the Word to this degree? What are some things that keep us from desiring the Word as we should?
• How does verse 3 connect with verse 2?

Cross-References

Ephesians 4:31-32 – Get rid of all bitterness, rage and anger, brawling and slander, along with every form of malice. Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you.

Verses on Craving for the Word

Psalm 1:1-2 – Blessed is the one who does not walk in step with the wicked or stand in the way that sinners take or sit in the company of mockers, but whose delight is in the law of the Lord, and who meditates on his law day and night.

Job 23:12 – I have not departed from the commands of his lips; I have treasured the words of his mouth more than my daily bread.

Psalm 19:7-11 – The law of the Lord is perfect, refreshing the soul. The statutes of the Lord are trustworthy, making wise the simple. The precepts of the Lord are right, giving joy to the heart. The commands of the Lord are radiant, giving light to the eyes.
The fear of the Lord is pure, enduring forever. The decrees of the Lord are firm, and all of them are righteous. They are more precious than gold, than much pure gold; they are sweeter than honey, than honey from the honeycomb. By them your servant is warned; in keeping them there is great reward.

Acts 20:32 – Now I commit you to God and to the word of his grace, which can build you up and give you an inheritance among all those who are sanctified.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. Therefore – Knowing that Christ gave the ultimate sacrifice (His own life) to redeem us from sin, this should motivate us in turn to love the people around us. Also, knowing that God’s Word endures whereas the physical materials around us are temporary, also motivates us to love others. In the world, people are selfishly ambitious to try to get ahead. They stab each other in the back and slander others to try to make themselves look better or to further their own career. James calls this demonic wisdom. But the wisdom from above is the opposite. God’s wisdom tells us to treat others how we want to be treated, to speak kindly to others whether they can hear us or not, and to put others’ needs above our own.

2. Malice/deceit/hypocrisy/envy/slander. This is a brief sampling of many of the works of the flesh that Galatians 5 lays out. It is not an exhaustive list of evil attitudes toward others. These demonstrate outright ill will toward others (malice), lack of integrity likely for the sake of getting ahead (deceit), insincerity (hypocrisy), wrong desires (envy), and an unedifying tongue (slander).

3. You may not realize just how powerful of an analogy verse 2 is until you have a baby of your own.

Illustration: Having had two baby boys, I can fully understand this illustration. Hungry babies have one and only one thing on their minds. Eat. Right. Now. Sometimes my wife is busy so I will attempt to placate our baby for a while. I may walk around and bounce him or tickle him or sing to him or rock him. While I may succeed in distracting him for a few moments, but inevitably before long he will start to scream again because he WANTS MILK NOW AND NOTHING IS GOING TO STOP HIM! He screams until his entire face is red. Yet, when he starts feeding, he calms down almost instantly.

This verse is not necessarily suggesting that we scream until our faces turn red each morning until we read the Bible. As adults, we have a little more self-control than babies do. But it is showing that we should crave the Bible to this degree. We should want it desperately and allow nothing to get in our way.

What are some things that may distract us from reading the Bible?
Phone calls, text messages, television, conversations, the day’s work, etc. could all distract us. Sometimes we may think “I will send this message now or check my email now and later read the Bible, perhaps during my lunch break.” Then during our lunch break we are kind of sleepy. We decide to take a short nap and then after our nap read the Bible. After our nap, we realize we don’t have time, but will do it when we get home from work. When we get home, we have a lot to deal with at the house.

“Let’s do it after supper.” After dinner, we decide to take a rest first for a while and do it on our bed before we sleep. When we lie down, we start to pick up the Bible, but our eyelids are so heavy, we decide, “What’s the harm? I will just read it tomorrow morning when I wake up, and I will read double then to catch up.”

Then the next day the cycle begins anew. The problem is not that we are too busy. No one in the world is too busy to read the Bible, not one single person. The problem is that we do not crave the Word like a baby craves milk. Imagine how crazy a little baby would get after one day without milk. When it comes to God’s Word, we should crave it like a baby longing for milk.

4. Once we start to read the Bible, we will see that God is good. We will lean of His character. We will see His fulfilled promises. As we pray, we see how He will begin to answer. When we obey His commands, we experience His faithfulness ink keeping His promises. We will have more joy. Basically, God’s Word works.

Illustration: It’s like a diet and exercise plan. You start on this plan. After you do it for a few weeks you start to notice a result in your health and energy. This will motivate you to persevere even more.

Or another example. When at the swimming pool, I asked my son to jump into my arms from the edge of the pool. He was scared and didn’t want to try. Finally, I convinced him to try the first time. I did catch him. He saw that I would not disappoint him. The second time he jumped much faster. By the third and fourth times, he wasn’t afraid anymore, but thought it was fun.

This is much like it is with us and God. When we start to read and obey God’s Word, we see that it is true. We see that God is who He says. Our faith in Him is increased step by step and this in turn motivates us to go back for more.

II. Jesus is the rejected cornerstone chosen by God (4-8)

Discussion Questions

• Why is Jesus referred to as a living stone?
• And how are we living stones? In what way are we priests? What sacrifices can we offer that are pleasing to God?
• What is a cornerstone? Is Christ the cornerstone/foundation of your life? If we want to examine to see what is the foundation of our life, what could we look at?
• Why does verse 8 say that Jesus is a rock of offense and a stone of stumbling?
• What does it mean “to this doom they were also appointed? What doom? Why do they face this judgment?

Cross-References

2 Samuel 22:3 – My God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation. He is my stronghold, my refuge and my savior – from violent people you save me.

Psalm 18:2 – The Lord is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.

2 Samuel 22:47 – “The Lord lives! Praise be to my Rock! Exalted be my God, the Rock, my Savior!

Isaiah 8:14- He will be a holy place; for both Israel and Judah he will be a stone that causes people to stumble and a rock that makes them fall. And for the people of Jerusalem he will be a trap and a snare.

Isaiah 28:15-16 – You boast, “We have entered into a covenant with death, with the realm of the dead we have made an agreement. When an overwhelming scourge sweeps by, it cannot touch us, for we have made a lie our refuge and falsehood our hiding place.” So this is what the Sovereign Lord says: “See, I lay a stone in Zion, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation; the one who relies on it will never be stricken with panic.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. A stone. What do you think of when you think of a stone? Jesus often used figurative language to refer to Himself such as when He said, “I am the living water,” and when He said, “I am the bread of life.” These references point us to specific character qualities He embodies.

A stone is something that is hard and solid. Stones are used for flooring or foundations because they don’t break easily. They provide strong support and are very durable. Most stones also don’t change very much. Trees, flowers, etc. all change. A stone is about as unchanging as you can get here on earth. Jesus is the same yesterday, today, and forever.

In ancient times, stones were used to build walls and fortresses. Often, God is called a rock and a refuge. Fortresses were often made out of rocks. These were the most durable and resistant materials to protect a village or city from its enemies. Arrows and weapons break against the rock, but cannot penetrate it. Try hitting a rock with a sword and see what happens. A rock is even stronger than metal.

Similarly, a wife might view her husband as a “pillar of strength” and lean on him for support. Emotionally and physically, he is tough and can help her to get through difficult situations. Well, that is what Christ is to be like for us. He is to be our unchangeable and unshakable foundation. He is our protector and shield. He is our safety and security.

2. This stone, which should be the foundation of Israel and all believers, was rejected by men. They rejected the strong foundation of building their lives on Christ and His promises. Instead, they opted for the easy way of following their own pleasures and pride.

They decided to build their own lives on earthly materials and pursuits such as money, respect, or fame, which pass away and collapse. This rejection of the Messiah should not come as a surprise. Throughout the history of mankind, people have rebelled against God continually. God wants to hold us to a higher standard and as sinners, we don’t want to follow this high standard.

3. Although this stone was rejected by men, He is the most
precious and valuable in God’s sight. Of course, God’s opinion is the one that matters.

4. In this passage we are also called living stones. Since we are followers of Christ, we are to take many of His characteristics as our own. For example, we called lights, and Christ is the light of the World. We are to love others as Christ loved us.

So, what does it mean that we are living stones?

It means we are to be strong in our faith, not like a reed blown and tossed by the wind (James 1). It means that our lives are to be secure and stable because we build them on Christ. We are stones on a stone. It also means that we each are one part (one stone) out of a large building of stones, that is the church. Each one is to fulfill his responsibility of bearing part of the weight. Each one of us is to offer up spiritual sacrifices to God. Romans 12 defines the sacrifice we are to make to God as a living sacrifice. We are to give our very lives to Him.

5. The Jews have a tradition about Solomon’s temple. The builders carefully chose every single stone for the project. Some stones were tossed out and not chosen. Each stone was allotted a specific place. The tradition says that one stone was originally discarded. They decided it would not be part of the temple. However, later on they changed their mind. This stone that was first put into the trash heap was later chosen to be the cornerstone of the entire building.

This is an apt analogy of Christ as the cornerstone. He was originally rejected, but He is the foundation. One day in the future, the Jewish nation will see their mistake and accept Christ as their King and Savior.

6. This stone, who is our salvation, has another role. He is the rock of offense and the stone of stumbling. Stones can also be used to smash. Christ will “smash” those who rejected Him. He will judge all of those who didn’t believe. After they reject Christ, they are appointed (set aside) for this coming doom. Their actions of rebellion and disbelief seal their fate, much like a criminal who has been found guilty of murder is appointed for the electric chair.

III. Believers are God’s chosen people (9-10)

Discussion Questions

• How are believers described in verse 9? How does that make you feel? How does