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Join us as we study through Hosea verse by verse. Our discussion questions, verse by verse commentary, and applications can help you or your small group get the most out of this book as you grow in understanding and obedience.

Hosea 10 Verse by Verse Inductive Bible Study – You Reap What You Sow


I. The spiritual corruption of Israel (1-4)
II. Israel would be judged along with its idols (5-10)
III. You reap what you sow (11-15)

I. The spiritual corruption of Israel (1-4)

Discussion Questions

• In what way is Israel a luxuriant vine?
• What happened to Israel when it became prosperous?
• What lessons can we learn from Israel about the dangers of prosperity and wealth?
• What types of temptations will rich people tend to face?
• How can you guard against these temptations?
• What do verses 3-4 mean? Did they want a king or not?
• What was the problem with the Israelite kings?


Proverbs 11:28 – Whoever trusts in his riches will fall, but the righteous will flourish like a green leaf.

Mark 10:25 – It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God.

Psalm 62:10 – Put no trust in extortion; set no vain hopes on robbery; if riches increase, set not your heart on them.

Deuteronomy 8:18 – You shall remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives you power to get wealth, that he may confirm his covenant that he swore to your fathers, as it is this day.

Proverbs 30:7-9 – Two things I ask of you; deny them not to me before I die: Remove far from me falsehood and lying; give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with the food that is needful for me, lest I be full and deny you and say, “Who is the Lord?” or lest I be poor and steal and profane the name of my God.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. The more prosperous Israel was, the more spiritually bankrupt they became – Israel started off small and insignificant. Before God established Israel as a nation, they were a family of nomadic travelers. After that, they were slaves in Egypt. But God brought them to the Promised Land and established them as a great nation.

Israel gained strength and prominence. It had a large army. The people had vineyards and farms, inheriting their own land and passing it to their children. But notice what happened as they prospered, “The more his fruit increased, the more altars he built; as his country improved, he improved his pillars.”

The richer the nation became, the more the people turned away from God and to idols. This was pride. They forgot the God who gave them all of this. Abandoning His laws, they established their own laws and built idols- idols who would never rebuke or discipline them.

The same process is often seen in both nations and individuals. Many nations that become prosperous become lazy. At the same time, they often turn away from God who blessed them and become prideful. Such nations inevitably fall.

It happens with people to. God continuously warns us about the dangers of riches in the Bible. Here are some temptations that rich people may face more than the average person:

• Pride – It is common to become self-reliant and take security in one’s riches instead of in God.
• Selfish ambition – Many rich people want to get even richer. Thus, they may exploit their employees or turn to dishonest gain to increase their wealth even further.
• Worry – A person with many possessions may spend a lot of time worrying about keeping them.
• Focus on temporal things – Jesus said, “Where your treasure is, there your heart is.” A poor person more easily sets his hope on the Lord, because he has little to hope for in this world. Rich people spend a lot of time thinking about their riches, whether their car, house, business, retirement accounts, or stocks.

Application: How can you guard against the pride, worry, and ambition that often accompany worldly wealth?

2. The Lord will break down their pillars (2) – The things that they put their trust in would be destroyed by God. It would be a tangible reminder of their utter futility.

God still does the same things today. Sometimes He will take away those things which people trust in to lead them to trust in Him. For example, He may take away the health of the healthy person to humble that person. He may take away the job security of the self-made man who has his future all laid out.

Placing your faith in anything or anyone besides God is a recipe for disappointment. People fail us. Human institutions fail us. Politicians fail us. Even our friends fail us. We too fail others and ourselves. You can learn this the hard way (by trusting in these things and then being disappointed) or the easy way by learning from others, such as the Israelites in this chapter.

3. The uselessness of Israel’s kings (3-4) – In verse 3 we see that the Israelites have reversed course 180 degrees from the time of Samuel. In 1 Samuel 8 the nation asks Samuel to anoint a king. He disagrees with this desire and God says they are rejecting Him as their King. Samuel then warns them in depth about the troubles having a king will bring them.

1 Samuel 8:6-7, 10-18 – But when they said, “Give us a king to lead us,” this displeased Samuel; so he prayed to the Lord. And the Lord told him: “Listen to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected, but they have rejected me as their king. Samuel told all the words of the Lord to the people who were asking him for a king. He said, “This is what the king who will reign over you will claim as his rights: He will take your sons and make them serve with his chariots and horses, and they will run in front of his chariots. Some he will assign to be commanders of thousands and commanders of fifties, and others to plow his ground and reap his harvest, and still others to make weapons of war and equipment for his chariots. He will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers. He will take the best of your fields and vineyards and olive groves and give them to his attendants. He will take a tenth of your grain and of your vintage and give it to his officials and attendants. Your male and female servants and the best of your cattle and donkeys he will take for his own use. He will take a tenth of your flocks, and you yourselves will become his slaves. When that day comes, you will cry out for relief from the king you have chosen, but the Lord will not answer you in that day.”

But because they insisted, God gave them a king. Now, they finally get fed up with their kings and say, “We have no king.” All the Israelite kings of the Northern Kingdom were evil. Not one of them served God. And the last five were especially evil, having taken the throne through treachery. Assassinations and coups were the norm. The kings cared only for themselves and not for the people.

But their reversal does not mean that they finally came to respect God as the ultimate authority; neither does it show they repented of their stubbornness in demanding a king. Verse 3 says, “for we do not fear the Lord.”

What you see is that they didn’t respect any authority. The kings did nothing for them. Their words and laws were empty, but even this did not drive them to the Lord.

Lesson: God is always proven right in the end. Samuel’s words came true. You don’t always need to “see to believe.” A wise person takes God at His word and accepts His warnings without having to experience them himself.

II. Israel would be judged along with its idols (5-10)

Discussion Questions

• What calf is referred to in verse 5?
• How did the people feel about its downfall? What does this reveal about them?
• What was going to happen to it (6)?
• What would happen to their king? Their altars?
• What does verse 10 teach you about God’s timing?
• What is their “double iniquity?”


1 Kings 12:26-30 – And Jeroboam said in his heart, “Now the kingdom will turn back to the house of David. If this people go up to offer sacrifices in the temple of the Lord at Jerusalem, then the heart of this people will turn again to their lord, to Rehoboam king of Judah, and they will kill me and return to Rehoboam king of Judah.” So the king took counsel and made two calves of gold. And he said to the people, “You have gone up to Jerusalem long enough. Behold your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt.” And he set one in Bethel, and the other he put in Dan. Then this thing became a sin, for the people went as far as Dan to be before one.

Colossians 3:5 – Put to death therefore what is earthly in you: sexual immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry.

Jonah 2:8 – Those who pay regard to vain idols forsake their hope of steadfast love.

Isaiah 45:20 – Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, you survivors of the nations! They have no knowledge who carry about their wooden idols, and keep on praying to a god that cannot save.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. The calf of Beth-haven – Beth- haven is a term which means “house of wickedness” or “house of idols.” It contemptuously is a reference to Bethel (where the calf was), which means “house of God.”

2. The inhabitants mourn for their calf – The idol was going to be judged. Hosea prophesies that it would be carried off as tribute to the King of Assyria (6).

What responses should this invoke?

It should cause them to see that the idol has no power. It should bring about repentance. It should also cause all real followers of God to rejoice that the idol has finally been proven to be worthless.

But the act of judgement did not have this effect. Instead, the people are mourning at the loss of their dearly beloved abomination.

In these verses, we see the depth of people’s depravity, when good is viewed as evil and evil good. Their hearts are fully attached to wickedness.

Application: What causes you to mourn? God calls us to mourn over sin. But many people are deadened to it or even celebrate it. What is one way you can mourn over sin, either yours or your nations?

3. God’s judgment was at hand – Samaria’s king was going to perish. Their places of worship would be destroyed. Their altars would be abandoned and become overgrown by nature.

4. When I please, I will discipline them – Here we see that God does everything in His own timing, even discipline. At times, God’s people may wonder why God seems so slow to deliver judgment to the sinner. Habakkuk wondered the same thing (Habakkuk 1). The people of Israel were living in rebellion toward God for hundreds of years. In His time, He would discipline them. That time was approaching rapidly.

Some people have attacked God’s character by saying that He allows evil to go unpunished. Interestingly, the people who attack God’s character this way are the ones who certainly wouldn’t want God to actually punish evil. Their logic goes like this:

• If God is all powerful, He could put a stop to evil.
• If God is all good, He would want to put a stop to evil.
• Evil continues.
• Therefore, God is either not all powerful or not all good.

In this verse, we see the answer to this attack. What is it?

We can actually agree in principle with the first three points. The fourth is where we have a difference.

• If God is all powerful, He could put a stop to evil.
• If God is all good, He would want to put a stop to evil.
• He will therefore put a stop to evil at the right time.

III. You reap what you sow (11-15)

Discussion Questions

• What is the meaning of verse 11? What is the difference between threshing and plowing? Which is easier?
• What exhortation does Hosea give the people in verse 12?
• What spiritual principle do you see repeated throughout verses 11-15?
• How does this principle work?
• Share an example of a time you have reaped (bad consequences) what you sowed.
• Share an example of a time you have reaped (good consequences) what you sowed.


Galatians 6:7-8 – Do not be deceived: God is not mocked, for whatever one sows, that will he also reap. For the one who sows to his own flesh will from the flesh reap corruption, but the one who sows to the Spirit will from the Spirit reap eternal life.

2 Corinthians 9:6 – The point is this: whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows bountifully will also reap bountifully.

Proverbs 22:8 – Whoever sows injustice will reap calamity, and the rod of his fury will fail.

Proverbs 11:18 – The wicked earns deceptive wages, but one who sows righteousness gets a sure reward.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. Ephraim was a trained calf – John MacArthur explains this verse like this: “[Threshing] was far easier work than plowing, since cattle were not bound together under a yoke, but tread on the grain singly and were free to eat some of it.”

Here we see that the times of easy (threshing) were over. Ephraim was going to be put to the plow. It is a symbol for hard labor and being forced to go where one does not want to go. Note that Hosea mentions that Judah will have the same fate.

2. You reap what you sow – This principle is evident throughout these closing verses.

• Verse 12 – Sow for yourselves righteousness; reap steadfast love.
• Verse 12 – Seek the Lord that he may come and righteousness upon you.
• Verse 13 – You have plowed iniquity; you have reaped injustice.
• Verse 13/14 – Because you have trusted in your own way, the tumult of war shall arise among your people.
• Verse 15 – Thus it shall be done to you… because of your great evil.

The principle of reaping what you sow is evident throughout Scripture. It comes from a simple fact that every person in an agrarian society knows. You will reap the same kind of thing that you sow. If you sow corn, you will reap corn. If you sow wheat, you will reap wheat.

God has so designed this world that this fact is true in many areas of life. If you are a friendly, you are likely to have many friends. If you help others, others are likely to help you. If you are generous, then others are likely to be generous with you. If you are diligent, then you will be paid. If you are lazy, you may not be able to eat.

Spiritually, this is true as well. If you repent, God will forgive. If you keep sinning, God will punish. If you seek God, He will answer you. If you trust in yourself, then you can only rely on yourself.

The Israelites had been sowing wickedness for hundreds of years. Just like actual crops, sometimes there is a time delay between the sowing and the reaping. Some seeds are very slow to grow.

Bamboo is one example of this. Bamboo seeds can take 4-5 years to sprout. You could plant a bamboo seed and not see any effects whatsoever for years. Then in the fifth year, these shoots sprout. And when they do, they are the fastest growing plants in the world. Some bamboo can grow up to about 90 feet in only 5 weeks (after not even sprouting for 5 years.)

Spiritual sowing and reaping are like this. It may take a long time before you see the results of your actions (either good or bad.) You may keep sharing the gospel with family and friends. Or you may keep working in some field for a long time and see few results. Or perhaps you may keep sinning for a long time in some area without being caught.

But then those results can come very quickly. As we learned in verse 9, God does these things, when He pleases.

Application: What is one area of your life you want to reap a better crop? What do you need to sow to bring about that result?

Hosea Bible Study Guide E-book – If this study is helpful, you can download the Hosea Bible study e-book or get our paperback Hosea study from Amazon.

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