These small group studies of 2 Timothy contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications.  Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group.

2 Timothy 2:1-7 Inductive Bible Study


I. Be strong (1-2)

II. Be diligent (3-7)

I. Be strong (1-2)

Discussion Questions

What is the “therefore” there for?

What is the connection between the beginning of this passage and chapter 1?

What is the main theme of both passages?

What is the key command in verse 1? What might discourage Timothy from being strong?

What are some things which may discourage us from being strong? How can we be strong in grace?

Use one word to summarize verse two.

What principle is taught here?

What was Timothy to do with what he had learned?

What about us? Are we called to do the same thing?

How can we practice this?


1 Peter 2:9 – God has called us to proclaim His excellence to a lost world.

Romans 10:14-15 – How can they call on Him whom they have not heard?

Luke 10:1-3 – The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few.

Mark 1:17 – Follow me and I will make you fishers of men.

Teaching Points

  1. Be strong – This could be the summary for the first two chapters. Paul wanted Timothy to be strong in his faith. It was not to be based on his own efforts, but he was to rely on God’s grace. Many other believers were not being strong. Many turned away from Paul in fear of persecution. Here he uses the word “therefore” to connect this passage with the previous one. Because of the example of Onesiphorus , he should be strong. Because God is able to guard his soul, stand strong. Because God called him with a purpose, be strong. Because God has not given us a spirit of timidity, be strong.
  2. The principle of multiplication – Here we see a very important principle about discipleship, the principle of multiplication. Jesus entrusted a huge mission to the church, to reach the world for Christ. The twelve disciples could not possibly hope to accomplish this by themselves. Addition is a very slow to grow the worldwide church. The most powerful way to spread the gospel is through multiplication. Discuss addition vs. multiplication. How can you aim for multiplication rather than addition? What can we do to follow this principle in our own lives? Can you start to disciple others? Why or why not? If not, when? God wants all of us to pass on what we have learned to others (see Mark 5 as an example that all people, even new believers should do this work.) What if you don’t know all of the answers?
  • Be a good disciple.
  • Set a habit of passing on what we learned. Who can you share with about what you have learned today?
  • God entrusts us with His Word. It is seed and seed is intended to be sown.
  • Look for faithful men and women. (What does faithful look like? By that criteria, are you faithful?)
  • Entrust the Word to them. This means we expect them to obey it and to pass it on to others. You don’t entrust something precious to someone who will not use it and take care of it properly.
  • There are four generations in this verse. This is the goal of discipleship.

II. Be diligent (3-6)

Discussion Questions

How would you summarize Paul’s main point from verses 3-6?

What can we learn from the example of a soldier? In what way are we soldiers for Christ?

What are some things which may entangle us? What is the goal of the soldier?

What can we learn from the example of the athlete? In what way are we like athletes? How can you be a better athlete?

What can we learn from the example of the farmer?


2 Corinthians 10:3-5 – The weapons we fight with are not the weapons of this world.

Ephesians 6:13 – Take up the full armor of God.

1 Peter 1:13 – Prepare your minds for action and be sober-minded.

James 4:4 – Friendship with the world is enmity toward God.

1 Corinthians 9:24 – In a race only one receives the prize.

Hebrews 12:1-2 – Run the race with endurance and put aside entanglements.

Teaching Points

  1. A soldier – Paul uses three examples which Timothy would have been very familiar with to illustrate the type of Christian life Timothy should pursue.
  • A soldier should be willing to face hardship.
  • A soldier has a master. Ours is Jesus.
  • A soldier is not attached to the world.
  • A soldier does not allow entanglements to distract him from his mission.
  • A soldier’s job is to obey and please his master.

We are in a spiritual battle. We have enemies much worse than the worst terrorists in the world. Our enemy wants to destroy our lives and pollute our souls. He will not be satisfied unless we are in hell.

  1. An athlete – The Olympic games and other similar athletic competitions had already been established at this time in history. So Timothy would have been quite familiar with the life of an athlete and their single-minded focus on winning the prize.
  • Athletes are in a competition, a race. We too are in a race.
  • Athletes must be self-disciplined. We too must say “no” to our flesh.
  • Athletes seek a temporary crown/prize/medal. We seek an eternal crown, eternal rewards that will not fade.
  • Athletes will be disqualified and thrown out of the competition if they break the rules. God is the one who sets the rules. We cannot pick and choose which ones to follow. We cannot make up our own rules as we go. We must commit ourselves to following God’s standard, not our own.
  • Athletes train hard. They avoid distractions. They are goal focused. They aren’t complacent. They always try to improve. There are many things we can learn from athletes.
  1. A farmer – Timothy would have been very familiar with farmers as most of the world at that time was dominated by agriculture. One would likely pass many fields and crops as part of daily life.
  • Farmers are hard-working.
  • Farmers don’t work in vain. Before they sell the crops, they keep some for themselves and their family. Paul’s point is that serving God comes with a reward. We don’t serve God in vain. God rewards those who are faithful to Him.
  • Farmers may work for a long time without any visible results. They face setbacks and challenges. Sometimes they reap a large crop. Sometimes they reap a very small crop. But they faithfully keep sowing the seed, hoping and believing that they will reap. Making disciples and sowing the seed of the Word is often like this as well

4. Verse 7 – In this verse we see both God’s work and our responsibility. God is the one who grants understanding. He is the one who enlightens our hearts. He is the one who opens our spiritual eyes. At the same time, Paul told Timothy to “Consider what I say.” We must meditate carefully on the God’s Word to increase our understanding of it. Many things in the Bible are simple. But not everything is simple. Sometimes when we read it, we don’t understand. Maybe we don’t understand the logic, the culture, the principle, or the doctrine. What do you do when you don’t understand the Bible? You should meditate on it. You should study it more. Don’t just forget it and move on to something easier. In the book of Hebrews (5:14), the author says that their minds had become dull. They kept drinking milk and would not move on to solid food. Their minds were not sharpened by practice. Instead they were lazy spiritually. Instead of diligently pursuing answers, they lazily just said, “never mind.” When we listen to sermons, we should meditate. When we read the Bible in our quiet times, we should meditate. When we join Bible study, we should meditate. What practices can help you to do this?

Study 2 Timothy 2:8-19