2 Timothy | 12:1-72:8-192:20-263 | 4:1-5 | 4:6-22 | PDF |

This 2 Timothy 3 Bible study contains outlines, commentary, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications.  Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group.

2 Timothy 3 Bible Study Commentary With Questions


I. Warning about the last days (1-9)
II. Paul’s final charge to Timothy (10-17)

I. Warning about the last days (1-9)

Discussion Questions

  • What does the phrase “having the appearance of godliness, but denying it’s power” mean?
  • What does it mean to avoid these types of people?
  • If we see them on the street should we turn away from them?
  • What do these people do according to verse 6?
  • Why do they target these vulnerable women?
  • What kind of person may be more vulnerable?
  • In verse 7, who is the one who is always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth?
  • How can someone always be learning but never come to the knowledge of the truth?


Matthew 24:14 – And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.

2 Peter 3:3-4 – Above all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. They will say, “Where is this ‘coming’ he promised? Ever since our ancestors died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.”

Matthew 24:22 – If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. The last days – We are in the last days now. Some people think that the world will get better and better until Jesus returns. This passage shows that this is not the case. There will be a lot of difficulties. There will be lots of sin. Here we see certain sins. These sins have always existed, but they will increase to the point that they are marks of the last days.

Discuss briefly each quality: Treacherous, reckless, swollen with conceit, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, having the appearance of godliness but denying it’s power.

2. Increasing sin – We see many of these sins increasing. Almost every single one of these sins has been growing (at least in the West) over the past several decades. Many are religious in name, but their lives are not be characterized by it. We see this happening all over the world in the church. Many pastors do not believe that the Bible is the Word of God. They do not believe in the inerrancy of Scripture. They do not believe in the Genesis account of creation. They do not live their lives by the truth of Scripture.

Many Christians are Christians in name only. They want the psychological comfort of calling themselves Christians. It makes them feel safe. It makes them feel as if they are good. For many it is a tradition or a culture. Obviously we are not to be like this. We should stay far away from these sins as they typify those who are worldly. Not only are we to not do these sins, but we are to avoid the people who practice these things. 

Proverbs 13:20 Bible Verse

Do not go to a church or fellowship where the people are worldly and deny the power of Scripture. We should not be attracted by the music or the programs or the buildings instead of the Word of God being taught truthfully. We can not straddle the fence. We should not try to keep one foot in this world and one foot in God’s kingdom. God wants us to be “all in” for Him.

Prayer: Before we go on, I would like each person to spend a moment looking over this list on their own. Consider which of these sins you struggle with the most. Let us have a moment of silent prayer. Each one of us can confess our sin to God and ask Him to help us overcome the area of our weakness.

3. They take advantage – The men who practice these things also take advantage of the weak. They tempt women, playing on their emotions. All along they have their own sinful motivation. The women they take advantage are only an object to them. They exploit their need for companionship or security, using these people and then casting them aside before moving on to someone else.

God does not want us to use people. We are not to take advantage of people. At the same time, we should be careful not to blindly follow others. We should be careful not to be led astray by various fleshly impulses. Use the discernment God has given you. Make use of the resources (Bible and godly counselors) so that we ourselves will not follow these types of people.

4. Always learning and never coming to the knowledge of the truth – Learning is supposed to lead us somewhere. Studying should lead us to God. Studying or learning is a means to an end. It is a process which is meant to lead us to something else. Just as a baby does not always stay a baby, neither should we always be stuck as a student who is seeking (but never finds) the truth.

Studying in university or getting various degrees is also a means to an end. What is the point of being a career student if you never put into practice what you have learned? Coming to Bible study is also a means to an end. The goal is that our lives will be changed. If you are not obeying and if it is not changing your life, it is not useful to come. We must dig deep into God’s Word to truly understand it. Then we must let the truth change our lives.

5. Opposing the truth will end in epic failure. We don’t want to find ourselves opposed to God and His plans in any way or we will fall just as Jannes and Jambres did. For a period of time it appeared that they were opposing God successfully. They were able to imitate certain miracles. For a while they convinced Pharaoh that he could ignore God’s commands. But soon they were suffering from the same plagues as everyone else. These were men who claimed to be spiritual. They should have recognized that what was happening was actually from God and not a cheap magic trick. This was their profession. But instead of repenting and turning to God Almighty, they hardened their necks.

Soon every capable minded person in Egypt could see that Moses was in the right and Jannes/Jambres were in the wrong. Their folly was exposed for all to see. Who else in the Bible openly opposed God? How did it turn out?

II. Paul’s final charge to Timothy (10-17)

Discussion Questions

  • How does the passage starting in verse 10 connect to the previous passage?
  • What is the focus of these verses?
  • In what ways had Timothy followed Paul’s example?
  • How was Paul persecuted at Antioch, Iconium, and Lystra?
  • What does Paul mean that “from them all the Lord rescued me?”
  • What promise is in verse 12?
  • Is this one of the top cited promises of God in Scripture? Why or why not?
  • What should Timothy do knowing that he would be persecuted (14?)
  • From whom had he “learned it?” And why was this important?
  • What were the sacred writings he had been familiar with?
  • What exhortation for our own lives can we draw from this?
  • Imagine you are explaining verses 16 and 17 to an unbeliever, what would you say? What important biblical doctrine or doctrines can we get from these verses?
  • What implication do they have for us?


On Persecution:

John 15:18 – If the world hates you, keep in mind that it hated me first.

1 Peter 4:12-14 – Dear friends, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal that has come on you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you. But rejoice inasmuch as you participate in the sufferings of Christ, so that you may be overjoyed when his glory is revealed. If you are insulted because of the name of Christ, you are blessed, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you.

Matthew 5:10 – Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Hebrews 12:3 – Consider him who endured such opposition from sinners, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.

1 Peter 4:19 – So then, those who suffer according to God’s will should commit themselves to their faithful Creator and continue to do good.

On Inerrancy of Scripture:

2 Peter 1:20-21 – Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

Isaiah 40:8 – The grass withers and the flowers fall, but the word of our God endures forever.

Matthew 5:18 – For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.

Matthew 24:35 – Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. Verses 10-11 are in start contrast to 2-3. These two verses show the things we should be pursuing. Timothy had learned these character qualities from Paul. Let’s look at each of these one by one.

2. Persecutions and sufferings – Jews from Antioch and Iconium chased Paul down and stoned him, leaving him for dead at Lystra. Timothy was supposed to “follow” these persecutions. As he followed Paul’s teaching, conduct, and purpose it would inevitably lead him to persecution (as we learn in verse 12). Timothy was not to let this sway him.

In fact, this is the overarching theme of the entire book of 2 Timothy. Paul reminds Timothy to be strong in God’s grace and that he was not given a spirit of fear, but of power and love and faith. He wasn’t to be ashamed of Paul or afraid that he would face a similar fate. Instead he was to continue on the path God had prepared for him. He was to persevere. He was to stand firm. He must never give up, never compromise, never quit.

The godly in Christ will be persecuted. This says will be. Do not be surprised when persecution comes. We should expect it. Since we expect it, we should prepare for it. We should be ready. Like Paul told Timothy, we should be strong in grace. We should not be ashamed of the Lord or of His people.

Are we ready to give our lives for Christ? Are we ready to give our freedoms?

While it seems like that day is far away, the world is changing. Governments are becoming increasingly opposed to the gospel. In our lifetimes we may see a large number of Christians all around the world being imprisoned or martyred for their faith. We should strengthen our relationship with God now so that we will be able to stand firm on the solid rock when the storms come.

Application: We must not allow pressures or persecutions to keep us from identifying with Christ or serving Him. We must not be surprised when they come. We must develop a deep relationship with Christ so that the root we have in Him will allow us to stand unshaken when the storm winds blow.