Revelation | 1:1-3 | 1:4-8 | 1:9-16 | 1:17-20 | 2:1-7 | 2:8-11 | 2:12-17 | 2:18-29 | 3:1-6 | 3:7-13 | 3:14-22 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8-15  | 16-22 | PDF |

Join us as we study through Revelation 2:18-29 verse by verse. Our Bible study guides contain discussion questions, verse by verse commentary, and applications which can help you or your small group get the most out of this book as you grow in understanding and obedience.

Revelation 2:18-29 Bible Study – The Church Of Thyatira


I. Greeting (18)
II. Commendation (19)
III. Criticism (20)
IV. Warning (22-23)
V. Counsel (24-25)
VI. Promise and Reward (26-29)

I. Greeting (18)

Discussion Questions

  • What do we learn about Jesus from His eyes that are like a flame of fire? From His feet that are like burnished bronze?
  • Why did Jesus specifically mention these two qualities to this specific church?
  • How do these character qualities of Jesus influence your life?


Proverbs 15:3 – The eyes of the Lord are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.

Jeremiah 23:24 – “Can a man hide himself in secret places so that I cannot see him? declares the Lord. Do I not fill heaven and earth?” declares the Lord.

Hebrews 4:13 – And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. The angel of the church in Thyatira – The messenger or leader of the church.

2. Who has eyes like a flame of fire and whose feet are like burnished bronze – Jesus gives a description of Himself to each of the seven churches. This description is from Revelation 1. To each church, Jesus shares some of His character qualities that are directly applicable to that church. And to the church of Thyatira Jesus tells them about His eyes and His feet.

Eyes like a flame of fire –

Luke 8:17 – For nothing is hidden that will not be made manifest, nor is anything secret that will not be known and come to light.

Jesus sees all and knows all. He has super vision and His gaze penetrates any facade people put up, piercing to our innermost thoughts. Nothing is hidden from Him. Instead of thinking we can keep secrets from Him, we should take “every thought captive” (2 Corinthians 10:5) to Christ.

Application: Think about your own life. What is one “secret” you have that you wouldn’t want announced in church next Sunday? Take it to Christ. Admit to Him that He knows all. Confess. Bring it to the light. Seek for His help to defeat this temptation and He will help you.

Jesus shares this specifically with this church because many in the church are being seduced into sexual immorality. Sexual immorality is normally something which is committed in the dark, in secret. But Jesus knows. He sees. They cannot keep this or any sinful behavior from Him. In verse 23, Jesus emphasizes this trait again and says “I am he who searches mind and heart.” Jesus sees even their mind. Not even a lustful thought escapes His gaze.

Application: It is important for us to protect our minds! Be quick to take all thoughts to Him, confessing those which are impure.

Feet like burnished bronze –

He walks among the churches, refining them wherever He goes. His goal is to sanctify and make holy His bride. And He is active to do so.

Zechariah 13:9 – And I will put this third into the fire, and refine them as one refines silver, and test them as gold is tested. They will call upon my name, and I will answer them. I will say, ‘They are my people’; and they will say, ‘The Lord is my God.’”

This trait was important to the church of Thyatira because they needed that sanctification. They needed to be refined by the Lord. Instead of being refined, they were compromising with the world. The world was soiling them. The answer was Jesus.

II. Commendation (19)

Discussion Questions

  • What does Jesus compliment the church of Thyatira for?
  • What do we see about their works?
  • How do love and works relate to each other?
  • Do your latter works exceed your first?


1 Timothy 4:15 – Practice these things, immerse yourself in them, so that all may see your progress.

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. I know your works – Jesus starts off commending the church of Thyatira for the good that He sees in them. His typical approach is to give commendation and encouragement first. Through this we are reminded that Jesus’ primary goal was to encourage and strengthen the church to do what is right. He was not out to nit-pick and find fault.

And the church of Thyatira had many good qualities, which He commends. Jesus praises their works, love, faith, service, and patient endurance. That covers a lot of territory! We see that the believers there still held fast to their faith. And their faith could be seen in action. They had works and service. And those works were done from the right motivation, love. So in the church of Thyatira, we see many real believers who united faith, works, and love together.

2. Your latter works exceed the first – Jesus also compliments them because their works have been increasing. Many Christians start the race on fire and zealous and then cool off and become more complacent, even lazy. The Ephesians for example had lost their first love. What we see with the saints in Thyatira, is that their service to the Lord was increasing. At least for many in the church, there was strong spiritual growth.

Philippians 1,9

Growth is what every believer should strive for.

1 Timothy 4:10 – For to this end [godliness] we toil and strive, because we have our hope set on the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of those who believe.

Application: Are you growing in your Christian walk? Are you more zealous than before or less? Is your service for God more than before or less? What is one practical way you can focus on growth in the next week?

III. Criticism (20-21)

Discussion Questions

  • What did Jesus criticize the church for?
  • Why might a church tolerate someone like this Jezebel?
  • Why do you think John called this woman Jezebel?
  • How did the Jezebel of the Old Testament influence the people of Israel?
  • How is this similar to what this woman was doing?
  • What specific temptations was she seducing the church with?
  • How are those similar to temptations we face today?
  • How should the church handle sexual immorality among its members?
  • What about if a person is spreading a teaching that encourages people to be immoral?
  • How can you protect yourself from such temptations? Your family? Your church?


Hebrews 13:4 – Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexually immoral and adulterous.

Matthew 5:28 – But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Acts 15:29 – That you abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from what has been strangled, and from sexual immorality. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. Farewell.”

1 Corinthians 8:4 – Therefore, as to the eating of food offered to idols, we know that “an idol has no real existence,” and that “there is no God but one.”

Verse by Verse Commentary

1. But – This word is often very important in the Bible. Though the church was doing well in some areas, they had issues. And Jesus highlights one of the big ones here.

2. The woman Jezebel – Most likely this was a name that Jesus gave to a woman in the church who was behaving like the historical Jezebel in the Old Testament.

Jezebel was one of the most notoriously wicked people in the entire Bible. She seduced Israel into gross idolatry (which then assuredly led into other sins such as immorality).

1 Kings 21:25-26 – There was none who sold himself to do what was evil in the sight of the Lord like Ahab, whom Jezebel his wife incited. He acted very abominably in going after idols, as the Amorites had done, whom the Lord cast out